If you look old just use bleach

Women (and men) all around the World spend millions of dollars trying to make their skin look younger.

Not only useful on toilets, but on your skin too!

Not only useful on toilets, but on your skin too!

But what if I told them that they could save all that money by just using bleach?

This amazing discovery was made in Stanford University, were a group of mice were bathed in a very diluted solution of bleach. Repeated baths caused them to have a healthier and younger looking skin, which could cure burns faster.

Diluted bleach solutions have been used to treat eczemas (skin irritations) for a long time, but now the full effects of this treatment have been discovered. Eczemas occur when the protein NF-kB and other substances cause an inflammatory response in the body. So this solution works because bleach has a certain chemical called hypochlorite which blocks the response of NK-kB, blocking the response and therefore stopping or preventing the irritation.

But the team at Stanford studied this treatment even more and also discovered that this could be used to treat people undergoing radiotherapy, because the burns caused by radiotherapy could be milder and healed faster if the bleach treatment was used at the same time.

The best part for most of you is, however, that its continuous use has also been proven to crete tougher, younger-looking cells, that can prevent an aged-skin look.

Unfortunately, there are a few drawbacks to this. Completely blocking the body’s inflammatory response is not entirely good, since this process is responsible for fighting infection. There are some other minor problems but there is still hope they can be solved.

It is indeed very curious that something so dangerous to the human skin such as bleach can be so beneficial to it at the same time.

India’s Space Adventure

Throughout history, human beings have been investing their time and effort in satisfying on of the India Launchmost basic instincts: curiosity. It started by investigating unknown lands, sailing through the sea to sea what they could find, and eventually, the ultimate barrier, space.

Now, India launched its first mission to Mars last Tuesday 5th of November, with the objective of studying its landscape, the atmosphere and search for methane. It was a relatively cheap mission, only 75 million dollars, compared to other adventures organised by the USA, It was carried out thanks to the efforts of 1000 scientists, who worked for this project for more than 15 months.

Right now, the rocket is orbiting the Earth, were it will stay until the 1st of December. Then, its journey of 300 days to our neighbouring planet will begin. On the 24th of September of next year, we will find out whether it will fail or it will accomplish the mission. Hopefully it’s the former.

The Mangalyaan rocket is the first aircraft sent by the Asian country to the red planet. It has very high stakes on it, as if it were to be successful, it would make India the 4th country to reach the surface of this nearby planet. The other countries were USA, Russia and the EU.

It would also position India as the lead country in Asia to achieve this, because although both China and Japan have previously tried the same mission, they both ultimately failed.

India has a very modest past in its spatial history. It has sent a few satellites designed by other countries up to our atmosphere and a lunar probe in 2008, but other than that it has been fairly quiet.

Future plans from this country include a very ambitious manned flight to outer space in 2016. These are probably the first steps of a growing giant, and for sure they will launch many more rockets and aircrafts to discover what space has to offer.

Dark Matter Hiding In The Shadows

For those of you who don’t know, the Universe consists of only 5% of normal, ordinary matter. But then, what is the rest of the Universe made of?

The most popular theory at the moment is that of dark matter (and dark energy). This is a type matter that neither absorbs nor emits light. It is hypothetical substance and its existence has not been proven… yet. However, there are many experiments set around the world eager to be the first one to find out the truth about this matter (pun?) since it would bring our knowledge of the Universe to a whole other level.

One of these experiments is the LUX Detector in South Dakota, USA. It is set 1500 metres underground, in what used to be a gold mine, to reduce any influence of background particles. It consists of a 370 kg container with liquid xenon in it, and two detectors on top of the container. The experiment works in the following way: when xenon particles interact with other particles (such as the hypothetical dark matter particles) it releases photons and electrons. This can be detected and the difference times these two subatomic particles are produced can be recorded, so the depth of the interaction can be known.

Said interaction between xenon and dark matter is caused by the ability of the former to create a gravitational pull on normal matter. The most probable candidate for thedark matter is a WIMP (Weakly Interactive Massive Particle).

However, after 3 months of searching for this mysterious particle, there have been no relevant results. There have been experiments in the past that have had interesting resulsts which were hopefully going to be confirmed by the LUX, but which were not, LUXunfortunately. The theory of the experiment is not doubted and the scientists there all agree that the machine is working perfectly well. A new theory is that WIMPs might not interact so eagerly with normal matter.

But don’t worry, LUX fans (Luxies?), the experiment is still going to be working in the future, due to its versatility. The advantage of this specific experiment is that it should not only work for detecting WIMPs, but also other particles with a range of masses.

Let’s hope the experiment works as well as it should and maybe someday soon the existence of dark matter will be finally proved, or disproved, to leave space for other theories.

Olympic Games: Space 2014

The Olympic Games have always been about uniting all of the world’s countries in their passion for sport. Well, the committee seems to have taken it one step further and is now not content with only the world, but is trying to include space!

In the mission carried out this Thursday 7th November at 4 a.m., astronauts from the Baikonur Cosmodrome started their voyage to the ISS (International Space Station) where the torch for the Winter Olympics in Sochi 2014 will remain fo a few days as a symbol of the world’s ability to work together. By the time you’ve read this article, it will be back in the Earth, ready for the Winter Olympics t start.

The torch that will travel to space is said to be exactly the same as the one that will be used next year in said games, but unfortunately won’t be set on fire due to security restrictions.

The team sent on this spatial mission is a great example of what they are trying to convey, since it consists of Mijaíl Tiurin (Russia), Rick Mastracchio (USA) and Koichi Wakata (Japan), a team made up of countries from all around the world.

All of them have expressed their interests in the Games and have expressed their views that their project is very similar to the Olympics themselves, since both aim at working as hard as you can to reach a goal. It is also a great opportunity to link two very important human achievements that have helped unite the world over the years.

Even though the astronauts will be in space at the time of the Games, they’ll have the necessary equipment in the ISS to be able to watch them perfectly well.